Since the Taliban came to power in Afghanistan after taking the capital of Kabul on August 15, 2021, the FRANCE Observers team has been following the event through images posted on social media. As with any major news story, a number of photos and videos have been published despite being fake, old or taken out of context. On our Twitter page, @InfoIntoxF24, we’ve been keeping up with the misinformation and posting live verifications.
Here are some of those images that have been shared with false or misleading information online in the past weeks.
Is this a video of ex-president Ashraf Ghani fleeing the country?
Ex-president Ashraf Ghani fled Afghanistan after the Taliban surrounded Kabul on August 15, explaining in a post on his Facebook page that he wanted to avoid a “bloodbath”.
Around the same time, a video of Ashraf Ghani boarding a plane was shared widely on Twitter, with many saying it showed the ex-president’s last moments before leaving Afghanistan.
But actually, Ashraf Ghani’s departure was not filmed. This video comes from July 15, 2021, when the ex-president was leaving for a conference on South and Central Asian relations. The conference would take place the next day in Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani with high-level government delegation heads to attend Central and South Asia Conference: Regional connectivity, challenges and opportunities During a two-day visit to the Republic of Uzbekistan 🇺🇿
During the visit, attending & spending at the 1/2 pic.twitter.com/elL2RgOiIS
— Mohammad Amiri (@AmirKalantarM) July 15, 2021
A video published on Twitter on July 15, 2021 shows Ashraf Ghani departing for a conference in Uzbekistan.
Did the Taliban really raise their flag over the presidential palace?
Another image was widely shared on Twitter during the Taliban’s siege of Kabul on August 15. This one shows the Taliban flag (white with the Islamic profession of faith, or shahada, written on it in black Arabic calligraphy) flying above the presidential palace.
Though the Taliban had indeed taken over the presidential palace in Kabul on August 15, this image is fake. It’s a photoshopped screenshot of a video where the Afghan tricolour flag flies above the palace. The original video was published as early as March 2020 on Twitter.
This doesn’t mean the Taliban didn’t take down Afghan flags around the country, replacing them with their own. People took to the streets to reinstall the Afghan national flag in several cities around eastern Afghanistan on August 18, in protests that were harshly suppressed by the Taliban.
Do these photos show Afghan women put in chains by the Taliban?
Several photos have been published on social media networks to illustrate the Taliban’s treatment of women after recapturing Afghanistan. The situation for women in Afghanistan is currently extremely worrying, however, many of these photos and videos were edited or taken out of context.
In this first image, shared widely in English, a woman stands with her wrists tied up in a chain held by a man.
You can find the real context of this photo with a quick reverse image search. On October 17, 2014, Kurdish activists in London organised a protest with a “mock Islamic State sex slave market”, according to a BBC article written about the event.
One of the activists, Ari Murad, explained on Twitter that he took this picture in 2014. He also filmed the performance and published it on his Facebook page.
In another image, three women are seen walking away from the camera with chains around their ankles, held by a man walking ahead of them. The photo was shared on Twitter in the days after the Taliban siege on Kabul.
But, in fact, the chains on the women’s ankles were edited into the photo. A quick reverse image search shows that the original photo – without the chains – was taken in February 2003 in Erbil, Iraq by photographer Murat Duzyol. It was published on the photography website Trek Earth.
Both India Today and AP fact-checked this image. The photographer explained to India Today:
The man was part of a condolence meeting for Iraqi civilians killed after a Friday prayer in Erbil. As people were returning to their homes, such a composition randomly appeared on the street. It was an instant snapshot and completely natural. The women obviously knew each other, but I’m not sure they knew the man.
Does this video show women protesting en masse in Afghanistan?
A video shared on Twitter purports to show a group of “brave Afghan women” protesting against the Taliban in the streets of Kabul.
This video wasn’t filmed in Afghanistan, but in Iran in the city of Qom on August 16, 2021. Women in the Afghan diaspora organised anti-Taliban demonstrations in several Iranian cities (Tehran, Isfahan and Qom), according to Iran International.
We can see other photos and videos of these protests on Twitter. India Today wrote an article looking into the false video and geolocated it in collaboration with local journalists at Qom News.
Some Afghan women have indeed gone out to protest in small numbers in Kabul, however, others report being too afraid to even leave the house.
Did a CNN journalist radically change her outfit within 24 hours of the Taliban’s arrival in Kabul?
A viral photo shared on Twitter seems to show two images of journalist Clarissa Ward reporting for CNN from Kabul, before and after the Taliban captured the capital. In the first image, she has her hair uncovered, while in the second, she is wearing a black headscarf, pulled tightly around her face.
“In 24 hours, CNN correspondent Clarissa Ward had to cover herself in order to carry out her work in the streets of Kabul,” said French politician Eric Ciotti on Twitter.
Ward, who is CNN’s chief international correspondent, explained on Twitter that the comparison is inaccurate: the top photo was taken in a private place where she wasn’t required to cover her hair. The second photo was taken outside in the street. Ward said that she has always covered her hair when reporting from the streets of Kabul, though since the Taliban arrived, she has made a few changes, like covering her hair completely, and wearing an abaya, a garment which covers the whole body.
This meme is inaccurate. The top photo is inside a private compound. The bottom is on the streets of Taliban held Kabul. I always wore a head scarf on the street in Kabul previously, though not w/ hair fully covered and abbaya. So there is a difference but not quite this stark. pic.twitter.com/BmIRFFSdSE
— Clarissa Ward (@clarissaward) August 16, 2021
Watch out for old photos and videos – which sometimes look a lot like the current ones
During the first military evacuations out of Kabul, photos and videos of chaos at the airport and crowded planes circulated widely on social media. But some of these images were actually old photos.
This photo of men on an airplane was shared on Twitter, with users condemning the lack of gender equality apparent in the evacuation. However, it was not taken during recent evacuations from Kabul. It dates back to 2018, as seen in this article from Anadolu Ajansi, a Turkish press agency, entitled “6,846 illegal immigrants from Afghanistan returned to their country.”
A photo of the inside of an American military cargo plane evacuating 640 Afghans on August 15, 2021, has become a symbol of the first frantic day of evacuations out of Kabul. But another, very similar photo has been shared, saying it was also taken in Kabul.
Actually, this second photo was taken on November 17, 2013, when American forces evacuated 670 people from the Philippines after Super Typhoon Haiyan.
Finally, some violent videos, which are said to show Taliban atrocities since they captured Kabul, have resurfaced online.
Warning: Graphic images
This video of a Taliban tribunal lynching a woman was posted on August 10, during the Taliban’s rapid campaign to take over the country. But the scene actually took place in late 2020 in a zone under Taliban control near the city of Herat in western Afghanistan. You can find our article about what happened, here.
Another video shows a woman being publicly executed, with some online saying it shows current events in Afghanistan. However, the video is actually from 2015 and was taken in Syria, when Al-Nusra, a Syrian group affiliated with al-Qaeda, executed a woman accused of adultery, as reported by the Independent and the Daily Mail, and verified by Reuters.