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Donors pledged more than a billion dollars to help Afghanistan at a conference in Geneva on Monday. Poverty and hunger have spiralled and foreign aid has dried up since the August 15 fall of Kabul – a desperate situation that means the international community must engage with the Taliban to help the needy, according to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.
“The people of Afghanistan are facing the collapse of an entire country — all at once,” he continued.
The UN chief said food supplies could run out by the end of this month, and the World Food Programme said 14 million people were on the brink of starvation.
“It is impossible to provide humanitarian assistance inside Afghanistan without engaging with the de facto authorities,” Guterres told journalists on the sidelines of the donor conference, adding it was “very important to engage with the Taliban at the present moment”.
The Taliban ruled Afghanistan according to their strict interpretation of Islamic law from 1996-2001 and were toppled in an invasion led by the United States, which accused them of sheltering militants behind the September 11 attacks.
They swept back to power last month in a lightning advance as the last US-led NATO troops pulled out and the forces of the Western-backed government melted away.
With billions of dollars of aid flows abruptly ending due to Western antipathy and distrust towards the Taliban, several speakers in Geneva said donors had a “moral obligation” to keep helping Afghans after a 20-year engagement.
Neighbours China and Pakistan have already offered help.
Human rights concerns
But UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet, also in Geneva, underlined Western misgivings. She accused the Taliban of breaking recent promises by once more ordering women to stay at home rather than go to work, keeping teenage girls out of school, and persecuting former opponents.
Beijing announced last week it would send $31 million worth of food and health supplies. Iran said it had dispatched an air cargo of humanitarian aid.
Pakistan sent supplies such as cooking oil and medicine and called for the unfreezing of Afghan assets held abroad.
“Past mistakes must not be repeated. The Afghan people must not be abandoned,” said Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi, whose country has close relations with the Taliban and would most likely bear the brunt of an exodus of refugees.
The United States pledged nearly $64 million in new humanitarian assistance at the conference, while Norway pledged an extra $11.5 million.
Even before the Taliban’s seizure of Kabul last month, half the population – or 18 million people – depended on aid. That looks set to increase due to drought and shortages.
About a third of the $606 million being sought would be used by the UN World Food Programme (WFP), which found that 93 percent of the 1,600 Afghans it surveyed in August and September were not getting enough to eat.
‘Brink of starvation’
WFP Executive Director David Beasley told the conference that 40 percent of Afghanistan’s wheat crop had been lost, the cost of cooking oil had doubled, and most people anyway had no way of getting cash to buy food.
While Afghanistan’s banks have started reopening, the queues for withdrawals are endless, and more importantly, no one who depended on the government for a salary – from civil servants to police – has been paid since July.
“Fourteen million people, one out of three, are marching to the brink of starvation. They don’t know where their next meal is,” Beasley said.
“If we are not very careful, we could truly, truly enter into the abyss in catastrophic conditions, worse than what we see now.”
The World Health Organisation, another UN agency that is part of the appeal, is seeking to shore up hundreds of health facilities at risk of closure after donors backed out.
UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi warned that there could soon be far greater displacement than the estimated half a million who have already sought refuge elsewhere in Afghanistan this year.
“I fear that the collapse of services and of the economy that has already been described as a risk coupled perhaps with increased violence and tension could lead to a much greater displacement – internal and external – and this may happen very soon,” he told the conference from Kabul.
“The physical distance between our nations and Afghanistan shouldn’t mislead us,” Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu added.
“A humanitarian and security crisis in Afghanistan will have direct implications across the globe. We should take collective action now.”
(FRANCE 24 with REUTERS and AFP)